The lab houses a total of 9,479 brains of psychiatric patients from 1945 to the early 1980s. During that time, these brains were removed after autopsies from the respective patients in psychiatric hospitals. However, the idea was not given to anyone.
The lab was initiated by Danish physician Erik Stromgren and researcher Lores Einarsson. In 1945, both of them started a brain pathology lab at Riskov. This lab was started with the aim that in the future, when the science will be further advanced, scientists and doctors will be able to research the human brain, from which more new things about the human brain will be revealed. For this purpose, Erik Stromgren and Laureus Einersen started collecting the brains of psychopaths from 1945. Emphasis was placed on collecting brains from patients with dementia, schizophrenia and depression in particular. By 1980, the lab had collected 9,479 brains from various hospitals in Denmark. The brain was kept in a box when brought from the hospital. These brains were then sliced and preserved in formalin solution. In 1982, after the funding of this project stopped, the process of bringing new brains to this place was stopped. In 2017, the lab was moved from Riskov to Odense. Since then, as medical science has progressed, many people have done research on these brains. Research was done in this lab on how new treatment methods and advanced technology can be used in psychiatry.