World Diabetes Day 2022 : Diabetologist-Endocrinologist and Consultant Physician Dr. Arpan Bhattacharya says that when diabetic patients also have high blood pressure or hypertension, foot ulcers can form. Also, if you already have a foot ulcer, the condition can become more serious.
What exactly is diabetes?
Dr Arpan says that diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels. It is also known as diabetes mellitus. In type 2 diabetes, your body reduces or becomes insensitive to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. This increases blood glucose.
What is hypertension?
Blood pressure is also known as hypertension. In this disease, the blood starts flowing in the body at a higher pressure than normal. This puts a lot of pressure on the walls of blood vessels and organs. Dr. According to Bhattacharya, if your blood pressure level is more than 130/80 mmHg, it is called high blood pressure.
Leg ulcers due to diabetes and hypertension
High blood pressure increases the risk of peripheral vascular disease (Peripheral Artery Disease). which is often seen in diabetic patients. This is a well-known cause of leg ulcers. In this disease, less oxygen and nutrition reaches the feet. At the same time, the cells gradually begin to remove the toxins from the feet. Due to this, ulcers or wounds start forming in the feet.
Dr. According to Arpan, blood pressure above 130/80 mmHg can cause endothelial injury. Which can take the form of leg ulcers. Diabetic patients develop foot ulcers, especially due to atherosclerosis of the blood vessels.
3 Symptoms of Foot Ulcers
According to UPMC University, 3 main symptoms (diabetic foot ulcer symptoms) appear when the foot gets injured. These include pain, swelling, and burning in the feet, palms, or toes. If your foot sores do not heal for a long time, it is also called a foot ulcer.
People with diabetes should follow these 7 tips
According to Dr Arpan Bhattacharya, if you want to avoid foot ulcers caused by diabetes and high blood pressure, follow these 7 tips below.
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly.
- Keep blood pressure under control.
- Quit smoking and drinking.
- Don’t let cholesterol rise.
- Wear properly fitting shoes and socks.
- Have your feet examined by a doctor during regular medical check-ups.
- Be careful not to injure or cut your toenails.
Note: This article is for general information only. It is in no way a substitute for any medication or treatment. Always consult your doctor for more information.